Vaccinating Your Puppy
It is essential to get your new puppy vaccinated as soon as possible. Call us to book your complimentary health check and one of our Vets will disucss this with you.
All of the diseases listed below are present in the UK and we recommend vaccinating your dog annually to ensure they are protected from them.
What are the diseases we vaccinate against?
Distemper is a contagious and serious viral illness with no known cure. The virus is spread through the air and by direct or indirect contact with an infected animal.
This causes a fever initially, sometimes vomiting, diarrhoea, coughing, thickening and cracking of the nose, hard thickened footpads, and later on fits and sometimes pneumonia. The fits that the dog can later suffer from are often so severe that they have to be euthanased even if they survived the early stages of the disease. It is usually caught by coming into contact with the “aerosol” produced when an infected dog coughs or sneezes.
The introduction of vaccines for dogs, meant that cases of Distemper in the UK were almost stamped out, however in recent years as people have sadly chosen not to vaccinate, the disease has begun to re-appear once more.
Parvovirus is a highly contagious viral disease that can produce a life-threatening illness. The virus is transmitted by oral contact with infected faeces and can be carried on the dog’s hair and feet, as well as on contaminated objects or the dust on the ground. When a dog licks the faecal material off its hair, feet or anything that came into contact with the infected faeces, he acquires the disease. This virus persists in the environment for a long time, and direct contact with an infected dog is not needed to catch it. It can be caught from the dust on the ground and it is present in Weston-Super-Mare.
The symptoms of parvovirus include lethargy, severe vomiting, loss of appetite, bloody diarrhoea, life threatening dehydration. Untreated cases commonly die within 3days of symptoms appearing. Read Moss's survival story here.
Leptospirosis is caused by the bacteria ‘Leptospira’. The bacteria are spread in the urine of infected animals like rats that often make their way into water sources. Dogs who spend a lot of time in the water are at an increased risk, as are dogs who drink out of puddles.
Symptoms are very variable with some dogs becoming very sick and some only showing mild illness, they include fever, depression, muscle pain, diarrhoea, blood in the urine and in severe cases, the whites of the dog’s eyes turn yellow indicating destruction of the liver cells.
Worryingly for humans, affected dogs can become carriers if they survive, shedding the infectious bacteria into their environment and it is possible for humans to contract this disease.
We have seen several cases of this disease in the autumn and winter of 2015 and this formed the basis of our decision to swap to a newly available vaccine that offered a greater degree of cover
There is often vomiting with a painful tummy and the dog quickly collapses in shock and can often dies. A ‘blueness’ of the eye may be seen. It is caught from coming into contact with urine, faeces or saliva from an infected dog.
Kennel Cough Vaccination
We can also give your dog an annual Kennel Cough vaccination. This protects them against
A bacterial infection that causes coughing and sometimes sneezing and a discharge from the nose. The affected dog is often quite bright. It is caught by direct contact with an affected dog, or from being near the infected dog when it coughs. It is most common where dogs are close together such as in kennels or at shows particularly in the late summer, but it can be caught anywhere!
Cause a mild form of “kennel cough” on its own, or a severe form if it is caught along with Bordetella. A cough is noticed 7 days after it is caught by being near or in contact with another infected dog
When to Vaccinate
Puppies are born with natural antibodies they get from their mother’s milk. If she was vaccinated then your puppy will have some protection against these diseases for the first few weeks of life. These antibodies also stop vaccines from working in very young puppies, so timing of the puppy vaccinations is crucial.
We recommend a first vaccination at 8 weeks old, a second at 10 weeks old and a third at 12 weeks.
When Can I walk my Puppy?
You can start walking your puppy in low risk areas (ie areas where there are very few dogs walked) 7days after their 2nd injection. But if there is a high risk of infection e.g. a Parvovirus outbreak at the time in your area, then it is best to wait until 2 full weeks after their last injection
We recommend that a 3rd Parvo vaccine is given when the puppy reaches 16 weeks of age